Browse Items (196 total)

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The Jewish Democratic Folk Bloc (Żydowski Demokratyczny Blok Ludowy), represented the Jewish Folkists (Yidishe folkspartei), progressive party with a middle class, craftsmen, and intelligentsia base, who endorsed the use of Yiddish language and…

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During the interwar period numerous newspapers were published in Polish and Yiddish to meet the needs of diverse readerships. Haynt, Vort, Folks-tsaytung, Moment, Szpilki, Nasz Przegląd, and Letste Nayes are being sold at this newsstand.

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By the end of the 19th century, the amateur choral movement took root, with organizations such as "Lira," "Hazomir" and "Szir" sprouting in small towns and big cities. In Łódź, "Hazomir" was established in 1899 as the Jewish Literary and Musical…

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At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the situation of factory workers was bleak. The low pay and grueling work, that was also done by children, caused the laborers to take to the streets. In the last years of the 19th century, workers protests…

http://www.iub.edu/~lodzdsc/images/PL_39_606_W-I-394.jpg
The Łódź fire brigade purchased its first gasoline-fueled fire engines and pumps between 1920 and 1925. Until 1926 these operated alongside the traditional horse-drawn fleet. In 1935, 5 new fire trucks, 10 tankers, a passenger vehicle, breathing…

http://www.iub.edu/~lodzdsc/images/PL_39_606_W-I-6-21.jpg
Established in 1876, the Łódź Volunteer Fire Brigade was the strongest organization of its kind in Poland and experienced great success in international firefighting competitions. This photo shows us a training course for Łódź firemen.

http://www.iub.edu/~lodzdsc/images/PL_39_606_L-I4N-9.jpg
This photograph from 1912 shows the oldest buildings on Nowomiejska Street. Raised around the year 1820, these homes were intended for wool weavers settling in the vicinity of the New Town (Nowe Miasto). After World War I, these buildings were…

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http://www.iub.edu/~lodzdsc/images/PL_39_606_L-I11_3.jpg
This building, constructed in the 1890s by the Jewish Charitable Society, belonged to the Jewish Vocational School "Talmud Tora," where impoverished Jewish youth were able to receive an education. The Jewish industrialist Zygmunt Jarociński was one…

http://www.iub.edu/~lodzdsc/images/PL_39_607_A-38_76.jpg
One of numerous Bałuty courtyards pictured in wintertime. The roofs of wooden houses are covered with a thick layer of snow, and large icesicles hang from their eaves. In the courtyard, next to a wooden shed, we can see a large piece of…
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